Fuji Electric works to mitigate business risk and other risks in a systematic and methodical manner. However, there are various risks, such as those listed below, which could have a negative effect on the operating results and financial position of Fuji Electric.
As of March 31, 2016, the following factors were judged to have a potential future effect on the operations of Fuji Electric.
(1) Risks Related to Changes in the Operating Environment
- In addition to increasing raw material and components prices against the background of a weak yen, such changes as the drastically increasing demand in emerging nations may result in tightened supply and demand as regards materials and raw materials. Consequently, although Fuji Electric strives to lessen the risk of rising raw material prices through commodity swap transactions, significant increases in these prices could have a negative effect on the operating results of Fuji Electric.
- Fuji Electric is developing operations actively in overseas markets, focusing particularly on expanding sales in China and other Asian markets. In addition, economic trends in Japan, such as private sector capital investment and public investment affect the Company significantly. In order to minimize the effect on operating results of overseas and domestic market trends, the Company is implementing overall cost and expense reductions. However, a deterioration of the business climate or a change of economic policy in China, a dramatic change in product supply and demand or intensified competition in the market, or a steep decrease in price levels as a result of such factors could affect Fuji Electric’s operating results.
- Based on an established set of management criteria, Fuji Electric systematically employs forward-exchange contracts to minimize the risk of exchange rate fluctuations on its operating results. However, the forward-exchange contract policy is not capable of entirely mitigating exchange rate risk. Consequently, fluctuations in exchange rates, primarily between the yen and the U.S. dollar, could have a negative effect on the operating results and financial position of the Company.
- Fuji Electric’s interest-bearing debt totaled ¥151,216 million as of March 31, 2017. A higher-than-anticipated increase in interest rates could lead to a significant additional interest payment burden, which could have a negative effect on the operating results of the Company.
- Trends in the financial markets or deterioration in Fuji Electric’s financial indicators could impact on Fuji Electric’s fund procurement or interest payments, for example by prompting early repayment due to infringement on financial covenants relating to certain loans. Such an event could affect Fuji Electric’s operating results and financial position.
(2) Risks Related to Product Quality
Fuji Electric has put in place a quality assurance system designed to ensure the highest level of quality for all of the products that it manufactures and sells. Although the Company has taken precautions in the form of product liability insurance to provide compensation for product liability claims, in the event that major defects are found in any Fuji Electric products due to unforeseen factors, there could be a negative effect on the Company’s operating results and financial position.
(3) Risks Related to Investments
Fuji Electric concentrates its management resources on quickly identifying potential business growth areas and conducts investment in facilities and R&D with the objective of expanding and developing the Company's business. The large-scale investment necessary and short product cycles in the magnetic disks and semiconductors fields, in particular, as well as shifts in product demand and intensifying competition increase the possibility that the Company might not be able to recoup its investments. Such events could thereby have a negative effect on the Company’s operating results.
(4) Risks Related to Technology Development
Fuji Electric makes a concerted effort to develop technology that matches the needs of the market. However, there is a possibility that competing companies will gain an advantage through faster development, or that the Company will be unable to bring products to market in a timely manner should development not progress according to plan. Such events could thereby have a negative effect on the Company’s operating results.
(5) Risks Related to Overseas Business Activities
Fuji Electric is seeking to expand its overseas presence, with a particular focus on Asia, including China. Consequently, the Company is exposed to the following risks, which could have a negative effect on the Company’s operating results and financial position:
- Unforeseen changes in laws and regulations as well as tax systems that could have a detrimental effect on the Company
- Disadvantages arising from political conditions
- Social turmoil related to terrorist incidents, war, and other events
(6) Risks Related to Intellectual Property
Fuji Electric effectively manages its intellectual property rights and develops new products and technologies in a manner that does not infringe on third-party patent rights. However, since the pace of technological innovation is accelerating and the Company’s operations are becoming more global, the possibility of disputes over intellectual property rights is increasing. A dispute of this nature could have a negative effect on the Company’s operating results and financial position.
(7) Risks Related to Business Alliances
Fuji Electric actively collaborates with third-party entities in mergers, tie-ups, and other forms of alliances with the objective of enhancing competitiveness in each of its fields of business. Cooperative relations are essential to the success of such collaborations.
However, differences in business systems, corporate cultures, or other aspects could impede the smooth integration of business strategies, technologies, products, personnel, or other elements necessary for a successful collaboration. Such circumstances could thereby have a negative effect on the Company’s operating results.
(8) Risks Related to Human Resources
The business activities of Fuji Electric depend heavily on its human resources. Retaining and training superior personnel in such fields as technology, production, sales, and administration is essential to the growth of the Company. Should the Company be unable to retain and/or train such necessary human resources, this could have a negative effect on the Company’s operating results.
(9) Risks Related to the Leakage of Personal Information
As a part of its business activities, Fuji Electric handles personal information about numerous individuals, including customers, suppliers, and employees. Fuji Electric has formulated and strictly enforces thorough internal regulations regarding the gathering, use, and management of personal information. However, the Company cannot entirely rule out the possibility that such information could be leaked due to unforeseen circumstances. Any leak of this kind could damage trust in Fuji Electric and thereby have a negative effect on the Company’s operating results.
(10) Risks Related to Major Natural Disasters
Fuji Electric has a network of bases throughout the world. In the event of a major natural disaster, production facilities could be damaged, operations at manufacturing facilities could be halted, shipments of products could be delayed, and other related problems could occur. These events could thereby have a negative effect on the operating results and financial position of the Company.
(11) Risks Related to Soil Contamination
Based on the international standard for environmental protection systems, the Company works to prevent, measure, and monitor soil contamination at its operating sites. Prior to selling any land, the Company carries out soil surveys and takes other appropriate steps in accordance with relevant laws and regulations. However, as a result of these measurements and surveys, the Company may incur costs for soil remediation measures, which could have a negative effect on the operating results of the Company.
(12) Risks Related to Retirement Benefit Liabilities
Fuji Electric has a lump-sum payment plan and a corporate pension plan for its employees when they retire. Retirement benefit costs and liabilities are calculated on the assumption that they are accepted as reasonable on the basis of actuarial calculations. Fuji Electric has entrusted listed marketable securities to employee retirement benefit trusts. Consequently, changes in the discount rate, the expected rate of return on pension assets and stock prices that are used as the basis of computing pension benefit obligations, differences between these expectations and actual performance, changes in the prices of entrusted listed marketable securities, and other items could have a negative effect on the operating results and financial position of Fuji Electric.
(13) Risks Related to Compliance
Fuji Electric conducts business in a variety of fields and regions throughout the world, and as such is subject to the laws and regulations of numerous countries. The Company has put in place an appropriate internal control system to ensure compliance, but the possibility of legal violations cannot be discounted entirely. Should such a violation occur, this could have a negative effect on the Company’s social credibility and/or operating results.
(14) Risks Related to Lawsuits and Other Legal Proceedings
Fuji Electric, in the course of its business, could become the subject of a lawsuit or other legal proceeding, and could as a result unexpectedly become liable for the payment of large amounts of compensation. Depending on the content of such a decision, this could have a negative effect on the Company’s operating results.